Enchiladas, Tacos, and Chile Con Queso. Are they Mexican or Tex-Mex?

That burrito you’re holding. Is it Tex-Mex, Mexican, or something else altogether? What is Tex-Mex cuisine, anyway? 

What people often label “Mexican” cuisine, is in fact, Tex-Mex. Defined as a blend of Mexican, Spanish and American cuisine, Tex-Mex began to have its own definition in the early 40s, but it has since gained popularity all its own. 

Tex-Mex items you might not have realized were Tex-Mex? Well, those crispy tacos, for one. Traditional Mexican cuisine calls for soft tortillas. Chimichangas? Tortilla chips and chili con queso? Tex-Mex. Fajitas? Also considered a Tex-Mex dish. 

So what’s the difference, anyway? It turns out that there are a few ingredients that are a sure-fire way to know you are eating Tex-Mex. 

Beef

It is no secret that Texans love beef. An overcooked piece of steak is rated one of the most hated foods to a Texan. It was Texas’ history of cattle ranching that led to beef becoming such a key integration into Mexican cuisine. This is why, to many epicureans, beef is a key identifier of a dish that is more Tex-Mex than Mexican proper. 

Three hard-shelled ground beef tacos sit on a wooden slab.

Yellow Cheese

Mexican cuisine certainly has its cheeses, but that cheddar cheese you heap on top of your nachos? It certainly isn’t one of them. Cheddar is a distinctly European import, and again, this is one of those ingredients that indicates you might be eating Tex-Mex. 

Tortilla chips sit on a plate with a bowl of yellow cheese in center.

Black Beans

Pinto beans are more common South of the Border; many native Mexicans cherish memories of a large pot of the legume stewing on a hot stove. But in the United States, black beans have become the go-to for Tex-Mex cuisine. Many purists feel their flavor is too strong and conflicts with and even overpowers truly authentic Mexican cuisine. 

Bowl of black beans.

Cumin

Check out that package of taco seasoning you’ve got stashed away in the cupboard, and you are almost certain to find that the main ingredient is cumin. But you might be surprised to know that cumin isn’t that common of an ingredient in Mexico, with favored spices veering more toward oregano, parsley, and coriander. 

Cumin spills out of glass bowl.

Wheat Flour

Corn tortillas have a long, storied history in the Mexican culture, dating back to the Mayans, Aztecs, and other MesoAmerican peoples. But according to Food52, wheat flour is linked more closely with North American history. Some think the wheat flour tortillas were part of an effort to satisfy Spanish Catholics, who preferred wheat tortillas over corn tortillas. Others credit the arrival of wheat tortillas in North America to Jewish immigrants. The exact history of wheat tortillas might not be clear. But because they represent a blending of cultures, regional cuisines, and histories, many people categorize wheat tortillas more neatly in the Tex-Mex cuisine category. 

Tex-Mex Food

So that’s it, folks! We’ve spelled out a few of the key ingredients that separate Tex-Mex from traditional Mexican cuisine. Frankly, we adore both cuisines and love using their storied histories as inspiration we can infuse in our own recipes

We invite you to take a small taste

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